Cyclopedia of Painters & Paintings (1887) » 1887 - Cyclopedia of Painters & Paintings: Aart Van Der Neer to Eduard Geselschap

Andrea Del Sarto

florence family madonna

SARTO, ANDREA DEL, born in Florence, July 16, 1486, died there, Jan. 22, 1531. Florentine school ; real name Andrea d'Angelo di Francesco, but called Del Sarto because his father Angelo or Agnolo was a tailor (sarto). According to some, his family name was Vannucchi ; but this " never had any foundation in fact " (C. & C.). Andrea first studied with a goldsmith, then with Gian Barile, a poor painter, and lastly chelangelo and of Leonardo da Vinci in the great hall of the Palazzo Vecchio. He was associated fora while with Francia Bigio. In 1509-10 he painted in the court of SS. Annunziata de Servi, ANDREA SARTO Florence, five frescos illustrating the life of St. Philip, which won him the reputation of being one of the best fresco painters of his time. In 1514 he finished a Procession of the Magi, in the Court of the Servi, and the Nativity of the Virgin, the latter of which is "on the highest level ever reached in fresco " (C. & C.). Equally great is the Holy Family called the Madonna del Sacco (1525), in the cloister of the SS. Annunziata, and scarcely inferior are the Birth of St. John (1526), at the Scalzo, and the Last Supper (1526-27), in S. Salvi, Florence. Among Andrea's monochromes at the Sealzo (1516-1526), the Sermon of St. John is especially remarkable. While engaged in painting frescos, Andrea produced many easel pictures no less worthy of praise. In 1518 he went at the invitation of Francis L to France, and painted there, among other pictures, the Michelangelesque Charity, now in the Louvre. The next year Andrea returned to Florence to buy works of art for the King, but having used the money intrusted to him in building a house for himself, he dared not go back to France empty-handed, and remained in Florence secure from pursuit until the plague which followed the siege of that city in 1530. Charles Blanc calls Del Sarto the Raphael of Florence, and says that if Raphael had never lived, Andrea del Sarto would have occupied the first place in art after Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Even in his own time he was called Andrea " senza errori " (Andreg the Faultless). His drawing is excellent, his modelling is always good, and his colouring has a freshness and a luminous transparency not found in any other painter of the Florentine school His Madonnas are exquisite, some of them rivalling in loveliness even those of Raphael ; but their beauty is only a superficial beauty - they want depth of soul ; and this is why Andrea occupies a lower place in the history of art than that to which his great powers would seem at first to entitle him. Among his best easel pictures are : Four Saints and Two charming Angels holding a Scroll, Floreine Academy ; Annunciation (2), Dispute about the Trinity (1517), Madonna with Saints, Holy Family (2), History of Joseph, Madonna in Glory and Saints (1525), Assumption (2), Deposition, John Baptist, Palazzo Pitti, Florence ; Madonna delle Arpie (1517), St. James and Children, Portrait probably of himself, Uffizi, Florence ; Charity, Holy Family (2), Louvre ; Holy Family and Saints, St. Barbara, Hermitage, St. Petersburg ; Madonna and Saints, Berlin Museseum ; Marriage of St. Catherine, Madonna with Cherubs, Sacrifice of Abraham, Dresden Gallery ; Tobias and Angel, Pietd, Vienna Museum ; Sacrifice of Abraham, Holy Family, Madonna (3), Assumption, Female Portrait, Madrid Museum ; Holy Family, Portrait of del Sarto, National Gallery, London. - C. & C., Italy, iii. 542 ; Vasari, ed. Mil., 5, viii. 250 ; Dohme, lliii.; Ch. Blanc, Ecole florentine ; Seguier, 213; Burckhardt, 8 2,

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